Mushrooms would communicate with each other via a sober fifty words


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It is not really sober actually sober words of course, but sober teachings of electrical impulses, which would be exchanged between mycological organisms and which could constitute a sober form language. At least that’s the theory presented by Toby Adamatzky, the British computer scientist who heads the Unconventional Computing Laboratory at the University of the West of England, Bristol. It shows that the duration and amplitude of the electrical activity of fungi, specific to each species, could very well constitute a form of conversation.

Action potential images are generally considered key attributes of neurons, and this neural activity is interpreted as the language of the nervous system. But many organisms with no nervous system, including fungi, also produce photos of electrical potential. During previous research, Adamatzky recorded the electrical potential of oyster mushrooms (Pleurotus djamor

), highlighting two activity spells: high-frequency signals (with a period of 2.6 minutes) and low-frequency signals (with a period of 14 minutes ).

Other research has also shown that fungi respond to mechanical, chemical and optical activation sober modifying the sober diagram their electrical activity which in sober In many cases, consisted of a customization of the characteristics with their “teach” points, or a temporal sequence of the action potentials generated. The patterns were similar to those seen in the human hand nervous system. Adamatzky and his team therefore set out to decode the mysterious language of mushrooms.

An electrical activity varies, but not random

Previous research has suggested that fungi conduct electrical impulses through sober long underground filamentous constructs called hyphae. In particular, there is evidence showing that these hyphae are involved in the relationships between the mycelium and the roots of plants during the formation of mycorrhizae, the symbiotic association between the two organisms. Under certain circumstances, the frequency of electrical impulses increases, suggesting that these buildings are capable of transmitting data just as human nerve cells do.

For however, can this electrical activity be assimilated to a sober form of language? This is what Adamatzky and his colleagues wanted to determine. As part of this study, the researchers analyzed the sober electrical activity of four species of sober fungi: ghost mushrooms (Omphalotus nidiformis), Enoki mushrooms (Flammulina velutipes, commonly called velvet foot collybia), split gill mushrooms ( Schizophyllum commun electronic) and caterpillar mushrooms (Cordyceps militaris).

mushroom electrical activity
Exemple dactivit lectrique enregistre pour S. Commune. Les couleurs refltent les enregistrements de diffrents canaux. A. Adamatzky

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Example of electrical activity recorded for S. Municipality. Colors reflect recordings from different channels. A. Adamatzky

Recording sober of their electrical activity showed that the characteristics of the images were specific to each species and that they were often grouped into locomotives, ze propagating all along the network sober mycelium. Their duration ranged from 1 20 they would and their amplitude of 0,03 2.1mV . The bursts of activity were far from random and followed a precise frequency. Species Chemical. militarishad the lowest average frequency, while H. commune displayed a very diversified and rapid electrical activity. The researchers examined these recordings in an attempt to interpret them as if they were a language, with its own lexicon and its own syntax.

A glossary that can reach 50 words

To quantify the types of characters used and a lexical size, the team converted the detected pictures into the recordings of binary sequences supposed to correspond to key phrases. These fungal terms were then divided into words, each of which could be made up of several consecutive photos on the basis of the row that separates them. To determine this threshold length, they sony ericsson are inspired by the English language.

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Presentation in simple barcode form of activity peaks recorded at (the) D. militarisand (w) Farrenheit. velutipes, over 5 days. A. Adamatzky

It finally appears that the submission sober the length of the fungal words corresponds to that of human languages ​​the average length of the alternative words sober 3.3 (O. nidiformis) 8.9 (G.militaris). We have found that the size of the fungal lexicon can go up to 50 words ; however, the bottom lexicon of the most frequently used words does not exceed 14 14 words

, specifies Adamatzky in kid post. Cash T. communeand O. nidiformis seem to have the largest lexicon among the four species studied. A syntax of the fungal language was determined by estimating the greatest possible order of the words in the key phrases. S. communegenerates the most common terms, followed by M. militaris. It remains to determine the role of these modifications between fungi. The most likely reasons for sobering up these waves of electrical activity are sobering up the fungi’s integrity or sobering up to signal newly discovered sources of attractants and repellents from other events sobering up their mycelium, Adamtzky suggested. The other choice as long as these signals would ultimately not have any real linguistic importance.

to be able to semantically interpret a sober syntax for this language. That said, do not expect quick results: we have not yet deciphered the language of talkers and dogs although we have lived with them for years. centuries, he concludes.

Supply:A. Adamatzky, Noble Society Open up Technology