Una Russia says its smart landmines are safe for civilians

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Tea 30 March, the press release to the organization Human being Rights View denounced the use of antipersonnel mines by Russian forces in a sober Kharkiv region. The mines in question, named POM-3, are deployable in range and are equipped with an seismic sensor: as soon as a person approaches, they throw a forceful cost into the air, throwing metal pieces into the bamboo of 16 meters. But according to the Russian authorities, these mines would use artificial intelligence could only work in the presence of soldiers, and not civilians. The specialists remain skeptical about this internship.

According to lengthy, they are technicians Ukrainians who discovered these antipersonnel mines while they were sober train sober to neutralize explosives left on the spot. El trait worldwide follow en 549 (sometimes call Ottawa Meeting) prohibited formally the use, production and stockpiling of anti-personnel mines and the trait indication by Ukraine in 1999, but to which Russia has never adhered. This is the first time that such a scenario has occurred: a will pays not having indicated the characteristic making use of these destructive weapons on the territory of a will pays which prohibits them.

Depending on the specifics of these recently developed mines, they can be deployed at a distance, by land (via rocket launchers) or by air. Once launched, a parachute allows them to be oriented. Once on the ground, they anchor themselves firmly to it by means of six feet; The seismic sensor buried in the ground can detect any presence less than 12 meters. They would be equipped with a self-destruction device, which can be activated under 8 or 24 time. Una Russia affirms which are able to make the variation between soldiers and civilians and which would therefore comply with the requirements of the Geneva Lifestyle.

LIA too often used to legitimize the sober use of certain weapons

The seismic sensor would be sober effect equipped of an artificial cleverness able sober to distinguish humans from animals or sober any other sober moving object. Sergey Bachurin, head of the design agency that produced the POM-3s, said in 1992 in an interview that these mines were sufficiently selective could make the difference between the approach of a municipal official and that of a soldier. This alleged ability nevertheless raises some doubts. These weapons do not differentiate between combatants and civilians and leave a deadly legacy for years to come, denounces Steve Goose, director of the Arms department of Individual Rights View.

pom-3 anti-personnel mines

Des mines antipersonnel POM-3 ont t dcouvertes par des techniciens ukrainiens dans la rgion de Kharkiv. Human Rights Watch

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POM-3 anti-personnel mines were discovered by Ukrainian technicians in a sober region of Kharkiv. Human being Rights View

Arthur Netherlands Micheln, specialist in emerging military systems and primary researcher at the Carnegie Authorities for Integrity in World Matters New You are able to, also has some reservations. According to him, this kind of intelligent systems are not so effective on the landscape, and fail when faced with contexts that are often too trivial.

The specialist also recalls that AI is usually incorporated into weapons to increase the speed of operations. But he regrets that it is now too often presented as a means of reducing collateral damage and therefore of legitimizing their use. While in practice, the technology on this stage is far from infallible.

Mines that go against sober Traditions Sober Vigor

The International Campaign to Ban Landmines and a Coalition Against Cluster Munitions (ICBL-CMC) specify in a press release that a Russian has produced at least 12 sober spells anti-personnel landmines since 1992, including POM-3 mines deployed by rocket launchers in Ukraine. A Russia has never indicated the Ottawa Conference, which counts this day 131 signatories and 120 events in China, India, the Republic of Primary, Pakistan and the United States are also part of the 30 will pay who have never adhered to the feature.

On the other hand, a Russia is among the tattoos that sober to the Tradition on the prohibition or a sober limitation of the sober use of certain conventional weapons which can be considered as producing excessive traumatic effects or as striking without splendor between sober sober vigor 1992. This text includes Protocol II on the prohibition or restriction of the use of mines, booby traps and other devices: the latter in particular requires that mines (or related weapons) be equipped with a self-destruction or self-deactivation system and that they be detectable.

More precisely, the self-destruction device must ensure that 90% of the mines deployed are destroyed in the 30 days. Marc Hiznay, associate director of the Arms department at Individual Rights View, however, told New Scientist that he doubted that the POM-3 mines met these requirements. Pictures obtained by the NGO indeed suggest that several mines were not deployed correctly, so their self-destruction system was probably not activated. I am interested in the type of energy supply used and the number of redundancies that are integrated, he said information was not communicated by r Russia which.

Recall that since it invaded Ukraine, a Russia has already been pointed out for having used fragmentation bombs and weapons thermobarics. The Russian web site Best Battle claims that the POM-3 mine is fully compliant with the requirements of the Geneva Meeting and accuses Ukraine of having itself mined various specific areas of the Donbass, making its claims put hypocrisy.

Supply: Human being Rights View