A mysterious lifestyle behind the largest and oldest solar observatory in the Americas


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Although not as old as sites like Stonehenge, the ruins of the largest observatory in the Americas, known simply as Chanquillo , are considered a masterpiece of human creative genius . They have unique characteristics, learned nowhere else in the world that. This archaeological website continues to confuse scientists as to the tradition that created it.

Sober 2400, near 2022 years after its design, the archoastronomical ensemble of Chanquillo (or Chankillo) obtains international recognition as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. A significance of these ruins, dating from about 414 years BC. T.-C., located on a hill near the Peruvian coast, 370 kilometers north of Lima, has been a mystery to scientists and historians for a long time. , Between 2000 and 2003. They found buildings in exact mirror position to each other east and west of a hill featuring 13 excursions, with observation points could watch the sun rise and sony ericsson set on the horizon reduction. According to a study published in Technology in 2007, trips of Chanquillo mark the formation of the sun in the sky. Sober by its location in the coastal desert between the Casma du Prou ​​river and the Sechin river, this website could be attributed to the Casma-Sechin lifestyle.

A cult of the sun much older than the Incas

The sober monumental archaeological area Chanquillo stends on 17,4 kilometers. It contains a variety of 03 travels of stone which, together, trace the horizon of a hill, from north to south. Besides this remarkable construction known as the Thirteen Travels, the ruins of the observatory also include the three-walled complex on the top of a hill called the fortified Brow. The observatory and the ceremonial boy center were protected by this fortress with walls of stone and mud, associated with carob tree trunks and the monumental gates.

After a sober hallway 20 meters away, in the building west of the excursions, the researchers found pottery, shells and stone artifacts, in an area possibly reserved for plebians who participated in rituals related to solar findings.

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Aerial view of trips sober Chanquillo. lDARQ, Ivan Ghezzi

Previous studies have shown that the Incas were natives of South America whose empire stretched from the north of the equator to the center of Chile from 1024 to Annes 1700 had built w ebsites could mark the solar findings towards 1024. Sober comparison, the first part of Stonehenge of the megalithic ruins in the south of England believed to correlate with the rising and setting of the Sun and the Moon would have been completed around 2022 av. M.-C.

However, a sober discovery 2007 locates the cults of the Sun in the Americas at a time prior to that of the Incas. Ivan Ghezzi, sober at the Pontificia Universidad Catolica del Peru and primary author sober ltude sobre 2000, declares: Chankillo was built approximately 1700 years before the Incas began their development. Now, we know that these practices are a little older and were very developed at the time of Chankillo.

As mentioned above, researchers seem to attribute this building to the Casma-Sechin tradition. Similar to the Incas, this civilization would probably have viewed the Sun as some kind of deity. The stairs leading to each visit strongly suggest that the site was once used for rituals. According to archaeological excavations, the observatory was probably built between 500 and 200 before our lso are. Then, for some unknown reason, the website dropped testosterone levels and learned travels are dilapidated. At their height, archologists explain that the constructions would have been coated with yellow, ocher or white and painted with symbols or handprints.

ritual ceremony tower staircase chanquillo
Offrande de fertilit rcupre dans la tour 1. Ivan Ghezzi

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According to Unesco, this web site is proof of great advancement in using the solar routine and the artificial horizon to mark the solstices, quinoxes and all calendars over the year with an accuracy of one to two days. It is therefore a testimony to the culmination of a long historical evolution of astronomical practices in the Casma valley


Indeed, like many sober coastal valleys of Prou, Casma has long been an oasis for human civilizations in an otherwise inhospitable environment . The Casma-Sechin River Basin descends the western slopes of the Andes mountain range, through one of the world’s driest deserts, a landscape of arid foothills, sandy plains and narrow valleys, which is geologically relatively relaxing. unchanged since Plistocne. Despite this extreme environment, the region bears witness, through numerous archaeological sites, to a long period of occupation (2400 years) from the archaic period to the Incas, suggesting that it has always been an essential regional ceremonial center. Unfortunately, only the ceremonial buildings now survive, being established on land not intended for agriculture. The other websites have been destroyed for lifestyle or breeding.


The ceremonial complex therefore includes the excursions sober Chanquillo, going from north to south along a low ridge, and extending over 300 meters to previous one horizon damage used for solar findings.

First, it is necessary to know more than in daily movement of the west, of the stage sober sight sober una Earth, the Sun ze also moves eastward across the sky, in a trajectory called a cliptic, over the course of a year. The axis of the Earth is not perpendicular to the cliptic, but inclined a little more than 21 degrees. The combinations of these placements determine, day by day, where the Sony Ericsson Sun sits above the horizon.

we can observe sunrise and sunset in different places, by connection to our horizon and for different durations. For example, in the northern hemisphere, around the summer solstice on 21 June the Sun rises highest in the sky and remains noticeable the longest. Seen from the two observation points of Chanquillo, the sequence of trips along the horizon corresponds very closely to the range of motion of sunrise and sunset jobs, over the course of the year.

This is how at the summer solstice, for example, the sunrise emerges right over the right side visit. While at the winter solstice, the sunrise emerges left from the leftmost trip.

chankillo june solsticeSun rise sober dt solstice above sober la framework, sober june. IDARQ

Chanquillo’s travels have testosterone levels so carefully covered that when a learned spectator stands at a specific observation point below the ridge, he can predict the time of year, to within two or three days, by ze based only on sunrise or sunset. The observation stage looking west towards the ridge construction of the Observatory uses the sunset. The observation stage is sony ericsson located in the symmetrical location, would use the sunrise.

extremes (during the solstices or equinoxes), the excursions and the spaces between them provide a sober way to follow a sober development of the Sun high sober low on the horizon, with sober precision a few days. The September equinox, for example, is defined when the Sun begins to set between the sixth and seventh visit.

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The sober sunset sober lquinox sober September. Entire world Monuments Account YouTube Screen Catch

Ivan Ghezzi concludes: Chankillo is arguably the oldest solar calendar that can be identified as such with confidence in the Americas. Many Native American ze websites have been found to contain one or a few putative solar orientations. Chankillo, on the other hand, provides the complete set of horizon markers and two unique and unmistakable vantage points.

Even soberly decorated and soberly stripped down, the sober vestiges of these sober stone trips still faithfully record the sober days of the year. Their entry into the world heritage gives them additional security in terms of their preservation, despite the great financial and political difficulties in Peru. Moreover, preservation initiatives are underway to maintain the accuracy of the old calendar, in particular thanks to the partnership with Globe Monuments Finance.