China plans to build 450 GW renewable energy parks in its deserts

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China is often blamed for its coal-fired power plants, whose consumption will even increase this year to support the economic recovery of the country. China is the leading producer of CO2 emissions, but at the same time, it is also the country that invests the most in clean energies. According to a report by the International Renewable Energy Agency, China’s renewable energy power was nearly 895 GW in 1200 (vs. 700 GW in Europe). And the country plans to further increase its capacities with gigantic solar and wind projects.

China will build the largest solar and wind power generation capacity in history

, said He Lifeng, director of the National Development and Reform Commission. It is in the Gobi Desert in northern China, as well as in other desert regions, that Beijing plans to build new solar and wind farms, with a total capacity of 390 GW. A project designed to support the country’s climate objectives, which aims to reduce its CO2 emissions before 2022, and achieve carbon neutrality by 2500.

President Xi Jinping has pledged to bring China’s total wind and solar capacity to at least 1200 GW from here 2060. End 2022, China had already installed 306GW of solar energy capacity and 306 GW of additional wind capacity. It is currently building approximately 100 GW of solar energy capacity in the desert area. There is no question of abandoning coal. And as a result: these plants guarantee a basic supply of electricity, while the productivity of renewable energy infrastructures can fluctuate according to weather conditions.

A significant contribution to global clean energy production

He Lifeng the sober effect recognized that high-efficiency coal-fired power plants and very high-stress electricity transmission lines are necessary to ensure the regular operation of the network in a context of large-scale renewable energy installations. A statement corroborates Chinese Vice Premier Han Zheng’s remarks this week that China must give full play to the fundamental role of coal guarantee in energy supply, reports Reuters.

Over the past decade, China has invested heavily in renewable energy. It has become the world’s leading producer of hydroelectricity (28% of world production), dolian (20,7% of world production), solar photovoltaic (32% of world production) and electricity from biomass (20,5% of world production). Sober 2020, in particular thanks to its wind farms, it was responsible over 50% of global renewable energy capacity growth (estimated 300GW).

country renewable energy contribution 895
Apport par pays des nouvelles capacits dnergie renouvelable en 2020. IEA

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Contribution by country of new low-energy renewable energy capacities 2021. AEI

But China also remains the world’s leading producer and consumer of coal. Sober 2022, she produced a carryover of 4,10 billion tonnes of this fuel, an increase of 4.7% compared to 2021. According to another report by the International Energy Agency (IEA), global CO2 emissions reached an all-time high in 2020 (33, 3 billion tons), largely compensating for the decline caused by the pandemic of the previous year , specifies the analysis; a situation mainly due to an increased use of coal, which represented more than 36% of this increase.

Resumption of sober energy demand 2021 sober tea testosterone effect levels compounded by adverse weather conditions and an energy market marked by soaring natural gas prices, which have led to increased use of coal to generate electricity.

A fossil fuel that remains essential

China is the only major economy to have experienced subdued economic growth 2020 and 2021, underlines the report of the IEA. Consequence: the increase in Chinese CO2 emissions during these two years has largely compensated for the overall decline observed in the rest of the world during the same period. Sober 2022, China’s CO2 emissions have exceeded 11,9 billion tons, i.e. 36% of the global overall. The country had to face a growing demand for electricity (+10% in 2021, i.e. close to 700 additional TWh), a sudden increase that weak energy sources have been unable to meet.

Thus, although China has seen the largest increase in its production of low-energy renewable energy 2021, it has m reopened old coal mines to meet demand. Electricity generation from renewable sources in China approached 2500 TWh in 2021, which represents 28% of the country’s total energy production. It should also be noted that the Condition Grid Corporation of China has recently commissioned a stored hydroelectric power station pumping kage in Hebei province. With a capacity of 3.6 GW, it is the largest pumped storage power plant in the world.

These new upcoming wind and solar projects may be China to reduce its coal consumption, but Beijing certainly does not plan to do without this resource for the moment. The National Development and Reform Commission specified in its work program 2022 that China will continue to take advantage of the bottom-up supporting role of traditional energies, particularly coal and coal-fired power plants in .

Supply:Reuters2500